Tuesday, August 9, 2016

ایتھلیٹس کے جسموں پر سرخ دھبے کیسے؟


ریو اولمپکس میں حصہ لینے والے کئی کھلاڑیوں کی تصاویر میں ان کی جلد پر سرخ رنگ کے دھبے دیکھے گئے ہیں۔ ان کھلاڑیوں میں امریکی تیراک مائیکل فیلپس بھی شامل ہیں۔
یہ کیسے دھبے ہیں، اور کیوں ہر کوئی اچانک ان پر بات کرنے لگا ہے؟
ریو 2016 کے دوران تیراکی اور جمناسٹکس میں حصہ لینے والے کھلاڑیوں اور خاص طور پر امریکی ٹیم کے ارکان کی جلد پر یہ نشانات دیکھے گئے ہیں۔
مردوں کے4 بائی 100 میٹر فری سٹائل ریلے تیراکی کے مقابلے کے دوران امریکی تیراک مائیکل فیلپس کے جسم پر سرخ دھبے نمایاں تھے۔
اس کے بعد سماجی رابطوں کی ویب سائٹوں پر لوگ اس بارے میں اندازے لگانے لگے کہ شاید فیلپس پینٹ بال کھیل رہے تھے یا پھر ان پر کسی بڑے اوکٹوپس نے حملہ کیا ہے۔
تاہم یہ نشانات نہ تو پینٹ بال کے کھیل کی وجہ سے ہیں اور نہ ہی یہ ’لو بائٹس‘ ہیں۔ یہ اس قدیم طریقۂ علاج کا نتیجہ ہیں جسے ’کپنگ‘ کے نام سے جانا جاتا ہے جس کے جلد پر گرم کپ رکھے جاتے ہیں۔

ایتھلیٹس کا کہنا ہے کہ وہ درد اور مستقل تربیت اور مقابلوں کی وجہ سے ہونے والی تھکاوٹ کو دور کرنے کے لیے اس کا استعمال کرتے ہیں۔

جمناسٹک کے امریکی کھلاڑی ایلکس نیڈور نے یو ایس اے ٹو ڈے کو بتایا کہ ’کپنگ ان طریقوں سے بہتر ہے جس پر میں نے پیسے خرچ کیے۔‘
ایلکس نیڈور نے امریکی جریدے کو مزید بتایا: ’یہ وہ راز ہے جس کا میں نے اس سال استعمال کیا اور اس نے مجھے صحت مند رکھا، اور مجھے شدید درد سے بچایا۔‘
اس تکنیک کو استعمال کرنے والوں کا کہنا ہے کہ اس سے پٹھوں کے مسائل، درد سے آرام، رات کو نیند نہ آنا وغیرہ جیسے کئی مسائل میں مدد ملتی ہے۔

مسٹر لانگ نے بتایا کہ کپننگ کا آغاز چین میں تین ہزار سال پہلے ہوا تھا، پھر یہ طریقہ مصر میں بھی مشہور ہونے لگا اور اس کے بعد مشرق وسطیٰ اور دنیا بھر میں۔

ایسا ہی ایک اور طریقہ بھی ہے جسے ’ویٹ کپننگ‘ کہا جاتا ہے جو چین اور بعض اسلامی ممالک میں رائج ہے اور وہاں اسے ’حجامہ‘ کہا جاتا ہے۔

حجامہ کے ذریعے جلد پر چھوٹا سا کٹ لگانے کے بعد کپ رکھ دیا جاتا ہے اور اس کے بعد بہت ہی کم مقدار میں خون باہر نکالا جاتا ہے۔

Sunday, May 11, 2014

How To Impress Your Boss

Success in the workplace is all about making solid connections, and no connection is more difficult and critical than the one you make with your boss. Performing well at work is important, but the most effective people are the ones who work well with other associates at work. Constructing a solid relationship with your boss will give you a better understanding of his or her expectations. Here are 10 tips to make your boss like you and to win his or her approval:

1. Make yourself indispensable

Find out your boss’ aims and ambition for the company and make him feel you share the same goals. This will make you Mr. Dependable for him and thus he has no option but to like you every moment.

2. Know your boss’ priorities

If you happen to be the man who knows exactly what is going to come next in your boss’ mind, you are almost there, being the apple of his eye. If you know his priorities then he would see himself. You would be like his mirror image. That is the perfect way to get closer to your boss.

3. Keep your boss informed

When you keep updating your boss with daily chores of the office, you are most likely to win his loyalty card and hence you are open to bigger bonuses and royalties if you get lucky. He would trust you with the office’s decisions and you may make the acting boss in his absence. Thus transparency is the key to success.

4. Know your weaknesses

Inspect yourself over things you should work on. If you have the ability to correct yourself with decisions, chances are, you would be seen capable enough to take the company’s important decisions which are most likely to impress your boss, leaving him with no option but to like you.

5. Respect your boss

No matter how much the power your boss gives you, do not show ego or start feeling arrogant. It’s always a good emotion to feel like a king, but remember the king-maker has a bigger role to play. Always stay grounded and make your boss feel how he has emerged as a winner in taking the company to new heights and he possesses great leadership qualities. This will give him the idea that you respect his efforts. Empathy is always going to take you ahead.

6. Apologize when you need to

To err is human; to admit is divine. Anonymous
When you know you have committed a mistake, be the first to apologize and ask him for time to rectify your mistakes. This will give him an idea that you work with an objective approach towards work and also shows your honesty, sincerity and commitment towards work.

7. Do your best to work together

Working better with your boss will help you in preserving and strengthening relationships. Try to see it as an opportunity to work with your boss on any project. Perceive yourself as a partner with your boss on the dedicated project.

8. Be proactive

Take initiative with new projects right at the time when he is thinking of allotting them to people in the office. This will show your passion towards work and make him feel less overwhelmed. Be his right hand, but do not overload yourself with too much work or everything might go the other way around.

9. Find out similarities

Try to find out common interests between you and your boss and have a conversation with him sometimes about the similarities. This will help you in making a good personal rapport with him and he would adore you more than anybody else in the office.

10. Remember the important occasions in his life

Always try to remember your boss’ special days like his birthday or marriage anniversary. It will work like a jackpot for you to impress him with your courtesy and great memory. After that requesting for a summer vacation would never be a problem at all.

Habits That Highly Effective People Don’t Have

Highly effective people, you know the sort. They’re always getting stuff done and having a good time doing it.
Annoying, aren’t they?
What’s so wrong with being ineffective anyway? Other than not getting stuff done and not having fun doing it, it’s pretty peachy. Why can’t they be like the rest of us?
Actually, maybe being highly ineffective isn’t all that great after all. Maybe things would be a little better if we dropped the habits (like these seven) that highly effective people never picked up in the first place.

1. They don’t see failure as the end.

For many, screwing up is the end of an endeavor. Give something a shot, see it fail (sometimes spectacularly) and give up.
Failure is not an end point, it’s a fresh opportunity. You can try things a different way. You can tackle things with a new approach. You can explore things with an open mind.
Failure is just the start.

2. They don’t busy themselves with stuff that doesn’t matter.

Life is filled with distractions. There’s gossip to catch up on, that new box set to watch, and Facebook and Twitter aren’t exactly going read themselves, are they?
It’s easier than ever to occupy your time, but people who make wonderful things happen don’t simply pour their time down the drain. They choose how they spend it.
Make a deliberate choice to spend time productively engaging in something that matters to you. You’ll see how much of a gift the time you have really is.

3. They don’t blame others when things go wrong.

Life has too many variables for everything to work out perfectly. When things don’t go to plan it’s really tempting to blame everything and everyone else. He didn’t do what he was supposed to. They just didn’t get it. She should have done that better. The timing’s all wrong. They let me down.
But all that gets you is the notion that you’re in the right, often at the cost of some happiness, joy or learning.
Always be ready to let go of the need to be right (or to be seen as right), and own your part however things turn out.

4. They don’t pull back from the edges.

When you’re at the edge of the unknown it’s natural to want to turn back to the familiar. It’s safe there. You know how things work there. You can be sure of yourself.
Of course, a life lived within the bounds of the familiar is not a life lived at all. Each time you turn away from risk, opportunity or possibility, you lose a piece of your self-confidence. Eventually, you’ll lose all heart and promise.
Take a deep breath, summon your courage and be willing to explore what’s next for you.

5. They don’t just drift from one thing to another.

Life has a way of carrying you on its ebb and flow doesn’t it? Before you know it, another year has passed and you’ve barely scratched the surface of what you wanted to do.
While being a goal-obsessed, hustling automaton isn’t recommended, neither is purposeless drifting. What matters then is context.
Give your behavior, choices and actions a sense of direction toward something that matters to you and you’ll be able to make a difference in ways that matter.

6. They don’t take on the world by themselves.

Doing something that matters, finishing a project or creating something wonderful takes time and effort. Sometimes, huge amounts of each.
In today’s world where we’re increasingly measured and judged by arbitrary measures of success and what we appear to achieve, it’s easy to think that it’s all on you. You toil. You work. You endure. You think taking it all on is what strong people do.
That’s nonsense, of course. Sometimes, seeking help and gathering support is the bravest, smartest and most effective thing to do. The most meaningful success isn’t achieved in isolation.

7. They don’t get consumed by the details.

I can’t believe she said that. You’ll never guess what he did. Why can’t they just sort it out? I don’t want to feel like this any more. You simply don’t get it. She went and did it. Who do you think you are?
Too many people spend the bulk of their time wrapped up in the drama and detail of their lives and they forget all about the beauty and possibility right in front of them.
That drama and detail might make a good TV storyline, if you’re into that sort of thing, but it will only hold you down and stop you from productively engaging in what matters
If you want to stand any chance of making wonderful things happen you need to stop being ineffective and drop these seven habits that highly effective people don’t have. You’re made of more. Just let it go.
Ineffective or effective. The choice between them is, as it always has been, is entirely up to you.

Saturday, May 10, 2014

Foods to Avoid: Foods That Make You Less Smart

There has always been a lot of hype around foods that make you smart. This is why college students eat bananas when they study and why the product Smart Water is so popular. But have you ever thought about foods that make you dumber? It’s true that researchers at prestigious universities, such as UCLA and Oxford University, have found that there are certain foods that make you less smart. It turns out that “eating dumb” diminishes all of your efforts to be smart. Eating poorly affects your alertness, memory, mood and your nervous system, such as your neuromuscular response time. Read the following list of dumb foods so that you know which foods to avoid.

1. Sugar

The idea that eating too much sugar is bad for you isn’t anything new, buteating a lot of sugar over an extended period of time causes neurological problems. High consumption of sugar affects your memory and your ability to learn. Also, too much sugar in your blood slows down your brain cells’ use of insulin to break down sugar to aid in processing thoughts and emotions, leading to a decrease in brain activity. This information is daunting because the average American consumes 47 pounds of sugar annually. You should try to limit you sugar intake, including high-fructose corn syrup and high-carb foods.

2. Salt

Aside from affecting your heart rate and blood pressure, salt affects your cognitive functioning. Adding raw salt to your food is worse than cooking it with salt. Not only does salt impair your ability to think, but it also causes many other problems such as cardiovascular disease, cancer and stroke. Try to consume salt in moderation.

3. Junk Food

Potato chips, soda, burgers and fries. It all sounds so tasty, but junk food is addictive, and addiction is a matter of the brain. It turns out that the cessation of eating junk food triggers symptoms similar to withdrawal, depression and anxiety. The fats in junk food impart the creation of dopamine in the brain. Dopamine plays a role in giving you an overall feeling of well-being, learning, alertness, memory, cognitive function and motivation. When everyone told you not to eat junk food or it will rot your brain when you were a kid, it turns out they weren’t kidding. In fact,consuming high amounts of junk food for an extended period of time can lead to memory loss, and in some cases, Alzheimer’s disease.

4. Fried Food

Fried food is kind of implied under junk food. However, there are still healthy foods that, when fried, become unhealthy. For instance, eating fish has many health benefits, but eating fried fish is unhealthy. The same goes for other fried food like chicken. Stay smart by opting for non-fried foods.

5. Artificial Sweeteners

Artificial sweeteners drain your brain power. Consuming too many artificial sweeteners slows your brain response, effectively making you dumber. Items that contain artificial sweeteners, other than packet food, include mouthwash, toothpaste, cough syrup and chewable vitamins. Also, consuming high quantities of artificial sweeteners for an extended period of time causes brain damage.

6. Trans Fats

Researchers who conducted the Oregon Brain Aging Study found that the consumption of trans fats is linked to brain shrinkage. The study examined 104 adult over the age of 65 and tested the subjects for the consumption of 30 nutrients over time. The findings show that those with high trans fat diets had brain shrinkage similar to people who have Alzheimer’s Disease.

7. Precooked and Processed Foods

Precooked and processed foods contain harmful chemicals that make you dumber. Preservatives, additives, dyes and artificial flavors are some examples of the chemicals in these foods that affect your behavior and cognitive functioning. Consuming large quantities of processed foods over a lifetime slowly destroys your nerve cells and causes your brain to shrink.

8. Nicotine

Having nicotine in your bloodstream causes the capillaries between your blood vessels to constrict, which affects the function of neurotransmittersand, ultimately, brain function. The cessation of nicotine intake causes a brain fog, and this causes nicotine users to develop dependency.

9. Alcohol

Consuming alcohol causes a mental cloud of confusion that has several effects. First, alcohol use is a liver killer. Also, the consumption of alcohol lowers your ability to think clearly and to recall information. If you have trouble recalling the names of common items or can’t differentiate between reality and your dreams, then you are likely a heavy alcohol user and need treatment. Fortunately, these symptoms are reversible if you stop consuming alcohol or limit your consumption to two drinks or less a week.

10. Tofu

This last one is surprising, because tofu is generally regarded as a healthy food. However, research from Loughborough University and Oxford suggests that tofu can be harmful if consumed in large quantities. The two universities conducted a study that looked at 700 participants between the ages of 52 and 98. The results show that those who consumed a lot of tofu were more at risk for memory loss. It hasn’t been proven, but researchers suspect it is the phytoestrogens in tofu that are responsible.
These are 10 foods that make you dumber. Other than these foods to avoid, you should also avoid becoming dehydrated. A lack of water also causes brain shrinkage and affects memory, focus and decision-making. So eat smart, drink your water and maybe then you could pass for being smarter than a moron.